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NEW REPORT: BRICKMAKINGReducing the industry’s emissions through economic opportunity“Significant emissions reductions can be achieved through a portfolio of solutions, specifically kiln switching, improved firing processes and scaling production of resource efficient bricks.” Hilary McMahon, Director of Research, Carbon War Room
Business and economic opportunity is the key to solving the emissions challenge in the South Asia brickmaking industry – and not climate policy, according to a new report published by the Carbon War Room today. Only by taking this approach can the industry avoid a trade-off between development and the environment: a key stumbling block facing climate policymakers for over a decade now.The report, “Pathways to Efficiency in South Asia Brickmaking Industry,” produced with a leading US university, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, identifies the technology and process opportunities that will drive emissions reductions. Specific recommendations include:• Widespread adoption of  fuel-efficient brick kiln technologies, such as Vertical Stack Brick Kilns • Improved energy efficiency through changes in firing processes, such as the adoption of zig-zag firing techniques• Greater production of Resource Efficient Bricks Further, the report lays out a series of opportunities for investment, knowledge-sharing and potential industry partnerships that will promote the widespread uptake of these technologies and processes, all of which make strong economic as well as environmental sense today under present market conditions.
Emissions Reduction ScenariosThe global brick industry produces approximately 1.2 trillion bricks each year, and its resulting appetite for coal is such that the top five Asian brick-producing countries (China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Vietnam) are now responsible for 1.2% of total global anthropogenic CO2 emissions. In India, a country with an enormous industrial sector, the brick sector is the third-largest industrial user of coal – a number that is expected to rise significantly in over the next decade.The brick industry is inherently complex, and reducing its emissions is made challenging by the developing-world realities of its main production sites, such as low access to financing, little technological know-how and few best practices, entrenched cultural attitudes that are resistant to change, and the generally informal character of the industry. The Carbon War Room is excited by the opportunity to reduce emissions in this industry and hopes this research will contribute to that outcome.THE BRICKMAKING PROCESS Brickmaking in Asia is highly energy- and labor-intensive. Traditionally, bricks are hand-molded, laid out to dry in the sun, stacked in a kiln, fired, and then unloaded. There are many different types of kiln technologies worldwide. While the kilns and firing practices may differ, the arduous process of molding and drying  the bricks before firing is the same.
About the Carbon War RoomThe Carbon War Room is a global initiative, founded by Sir Richard Branson and others, that seeks to accelerate entrepreneurial solutions to deploy profitable and scalable clean technologies. It focuses on breaking down market barriers for capital to flow to entrepreneurial solutions, and takes a global, sector-based approach.For more information
about Johns Hopkins University SAISJohns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) is one of the nation’s leading graduate schools devoted to the study of international relations. At SAIS, the Energy, Resources and Environment (ERE) program provides graduate students with the ability to analyze and devise practical solutions to the daunting energy and environmental challenges that face the international community.  The ERE Program aspires to educate a new generation of specialized integrators who will play leadership roles in the diverse array of institutions that will shape the energy and environmental future in the 21st century.For more information